Question: How Common Is ASD In Babies?

Can you live a normal life with a hole in your heart?

Living With Holes in the Heart.

The outlook for children who have atrial septal defects (ASDs) or ventricular septal defects (VSDs) is excellent.

Advances in treatment allow most children who have these heart defects to live normal, active, and productive lives with no decrease in lifespan..

Can ASD cause heart attack?

Concerns and Symptoms Emboli that block the coronary artery can cause a heart attack. Because an ASD causes the heart and lungs to handle more blood than normal, the pressure in the lung’s blood vessels also can increase, a condition called pulmonary hypertension.

Is atrial septal defect curable?

An atrial septal defect will often be corrected with surgery if it has not closed by the time a child starts school or if the hole in the heart is large. The surgery is done under general anesthesia and the hole in the heart is closed with stitches or a special patch.

What size ASD requires surgery?

The best ASD for transcatheter closure is centrally located in the septum with a >5-mm rim of septal tissue and is situated >5 mm from the atrioventricular valves, the coronary sinus, and the pulmonary veins.

What happens if ASD is not treated?

A large atrial septal defect can cause extra blood to overfill the lungs and overwork the right side of the heart. If not treated, the right side of the heart eventually enlarges and weakens. The blood pressure in your lungs can also increase, leading to pulmonary hypertension.

How long does an ASD repair take?

In some cases, the heart is also stopped for 1 to 2 hours to facilitate the repair. Repairs range from relatively simple operations to more complex procedures depending on the location, size, and characteristics of the ASD. The total duration of the operation ranges from 2 to 3 hours.

What can I expect after ASD closure?

ASD Closure: Postoperative Details Pain is likely, and pain medication is given as appropriate. Patients also are on a respirator and have a breathing tube for the first few hours after surgery. The length of the hospital stay depends on how quickly a patient recovers and can perform some physical activity.

Can ASD be cured?

Currently, no treatment has been shown to cure ASD, but several interventions have been developed and studied for use with young children. These interventions may reduce symptoms, improve cognitive ability and daily living skills, and maximize the ability of the child to function and participate in the community [1-6].

Does ASD require surgery?

Sometimes, if the ASD is an unusual position within the heart, or if there are other heart defects such as abnormal connections of the veins bringing blood from the lungs back to the heart (pulmonary veins), the ASD can’t be closed with the catheter technique. Then surgery is needed.

Can ASD close on its own?

The most common type of ASD may close on its own as your child grows. Once an ASD is diagnosed, your child’s cardiologist will check your child to see if the defect is closing on its own. An ASD will usually be fixed if it has not closed by the time a child starts school.

Can ASD be detected during pregnancy?

An atrial septal defect may be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. In many cases, it may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

Is ASD genetic?

ASD has a tendency to run in families, but the inheritance pattern is usually unknown. People with gene changes associated with ASD generally inherit an increased risk of developing the condition, rather than the condition itself.

How long does ASD open heart surgery take?

Cardiac catheterization. This is done during a heart procedure called a cardiac catheterization using a “patch” or special septal repair device that is placed permanently in the heart to cover the hole. The procedure takes about three hours to complete.

What is the normal size of ASD?

ASDs were classified by size. Small defects had a maximal diameter > 3 mm to < 6 mm, moderate defects measured ≥ 6 mm to < 12 mm and large defects were ≥ 12 mm.

How do doctors treat atrial septal defects?

Cardiac catheterization. Doctors insert a thin, flexible tube (catheter) into a blood vessel in the groin and guide it to the heart using imaging techniques. Through the catheter, doctors place a mesh patch or plug to close the hole. The heart tissue grows around the mesh, permanently sealing the hole.

What is considered a large ASD?

If your ASD is larger than 2 cm, you have a greater risk of problems such as: Right heart enlargement, which leads to heart failure. Abnormal heart rhythms, including atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, affect 50 to 60 percent of all patients over 40 with an ASD.

Is ASD life threatening?

Severe cases of atrial septal defects may lead to life-threatening complications such as chest pain, irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), abnormal enlargement of the heart, a “fluttering” of the heart (atrial fibrillation), and/or heart failure.

How common are atrial septal defects?

ASDs are one of the most common congenital heart defects (CHDs). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) about 2,000 babies in the United States are born with an ASD every year. This is between 5% and 10% of all CHDs.