Question: What Are The Effects Of Rheumatic Heart Disease?

How long can you live with rheumatic heart disease?

The relative survival was 96.9% (95% CI 96.1–97.5%) at one year and 81.2% (95% CI 79.2–83.0%) at five years (S3 Fig).

The risk of death among RHD/ARF patients increased with age over and above background rates; there was also increased risk for both male and iTaukei patients (S4 Table)..

How does strep affect the heart?

When your body senses the strep infection, it sends antibodies to fight it. Sometimes, these antibodies attack the tissues of your joints or heart instead. If the antibodies attack your heart, they can cause your heart valves to swell, which can lead to scarring of the valve “doors” (called leaflets or cusps).

Can throat infection spread to chest?

Bronchitis is a chest infection affecting the large airways that carry air into your lungs when you breathe. Bronchitis is usually caused by a virus and often develops after a sore throat (pharyngitis), a cold, or ‘flu’ (influenza).

What antibiotics treat rheumatic fever?

The mainstay antibiotic is IM benzathine benzylpenicillin. Oral phenoxymethylpenicillin and erythromycin are also used as alternatives. These three antibiotics, in the required dosage forms are on the current EMLc. No additional antibiotic agents have been identified to date.

How do you know if you have rheumatic heart disease?

The symptoms of heart valve problems – which are often the result of rheumatic heart disease – can include: chest discomfort or pain. irregular or rapid heartbeats (heart palpitations) shortness of breath.

Is rheumatic heart disease permanent?

Rheumatic heart disease is a condition that causes permanent damage to the heart valves. It can develop after a child has rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is the body’s response to a strep infection of the throat or tonsils or “strep throat.” Rheumatic fever may also follow scarlet fever.

What is the most common complication of rheumatic fever?

Complications were found in 49% (152/309) of the newly diagnosed RHD cases. Heart failure (46.9%) was the commonest complication, followed by pulmonary hypertension (32.7%), atrial fibrillation (13.9%), acute recurrence of rheumatic fever (11.4%), infective endocarditis (4.5%) and stroke (1.3%).

Can rheumatic fever cause problems later in life?

In some cases, the inflammation causes long-term complications. Rheumatic fever can cause permanent damage to the heart (rheumatic heart disease). It usually occurs 10 to 20 years after the original illness, but severe cases of rheumatic fever can cause damage to the heart valves while your child still has symptoms.

How is rheumatic heart disease prevented?

Ideally, ARF and RHD can be prevented. Antibiotic therapy (such as penicillin) to treat Group A Streptococcus throat infection can dramatically reduce the risk of ARF and its complication, rheumatic heart disease. If ARF or RHD do occur, long-term antibiotics can reduce progression to more severe disease.

Can rheumatic heart disease be inherited?

It is not clear why some people who are infected with group A Streptococcus bacteria go on to develop rheumatic fever, while others do not; however, it appears that some families may have a genetic susceptibility to develop the condition.

Can you live a long life with heart disease?

Simply put, if you take care of yourself and make the necessary changes, you can live a long, full life in spite of your heart disease diagnosis. It could add years, even decades, to your life. On the other hand, if you pursue a high-risk lifestyle you could find yourself in serious trouble.

Can heart disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What is the main cause of rheumatic heart disease?

What causes rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease is caused by rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disease that can affect many connective tissues, especially in the heart, joints, skin, or brain. The heart valves can be inflamed and become scarred over time.

Does rheumatic fever run in families?

Heredity seems to play a part because the tendency to develop rheumatic fever appears to run in families. In the United States, a child who has a streptococcal throat infection but is not treated has only a less than 1 to 3% chance of developing rheumatic fever.

How long can rheumatic fever last?

Rheumatic fever can last from 6 weeks to more than 6 months. Your long-term health depends on how your heart has been affected by the disease.

What food should not to eat if you have rheumatic heart disease?

Also avoid tobacco, alcohol, chocolate, sugar, butter, red meat, fats (particularly animal fats and hydrogenated oils), fried foods, processed and refined foods, soft drinks, spicy foods, and white flour products, such as white bread. Drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water every day.

How common is rheumatic fever in adults?

About three people out of every 10 who have a strep throat infection develop rheumatic fever. One common and potentially dangerous effect of rheumatic fever is damage to the valves of the heart. No single test can confirm a diagnosis of rheumatic fever.

Is RHD curable?

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable, treatable form of cardiovascular disease that affects over 32 million people around the world and claims 275,000 lives annually.