Question: What Lab Values Are In A CBC?

How do you read a CBC report?

What Does a CBC Measure?White blood cells (WBCs).

These help your body fight germs.

Red blood cells (RBC).

These deliver oxygen throughout your body.

Hemoglobin (Hb or Hgb).

This is the protein in your blood that holds oxygen.Hematocrit (Hct).

Mean corpuscular volume (MCV).


Does a CBC show white blood count?

The complete blood count (CBC) is a group of tests that evaluate the cells that circulate in blood, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets (PLTs). The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections, anemia and leukemia.

Can CBC detect viral infection?

A CBC test usually includes: White blood cell (WBC, leukocyte) count. White blood cells protect the body against infection. If an infection develops, white blood cells attack and destroy the bacteria, virus, or other organism causing it.

What WBC count indicates leukemia?

At the time of diagnosis, patients can have very, very high white blood cell counts. Typically a healthy person has a white blood cell count of about 4,000-11,000. Patients with acute or even chronic leukemia may come in with a white blood cell count up into the 100,000-400,000 range.

What cancers are detected by blood tests?

Prostate-specific antigen testMarkerAssociated cancersTestBeta-2-microglobulin (B2M)Multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and some lymphomasBlood, urine, spinal fluidBeta-human chorionic gonadotropin (Beta-hCG)Choriocarcinoma and germ cell tumorsUrine or bloodCA15-3/CA27.29Breast cancerBlood10 more rows

What labs are in a CBC?

A CBC test usually includes:White blood cell (WBC, leukocyte) count. … White blood cell types (WBC differential). … Red blood cell (RBC) count. … Hematocrit (HCT, packed cell volume, PCV). … Hemoglobin (Hgb). … Red blood cell indices. … Platelet (thrombocyte) count. … Mean platelet volume (MPV).

Is WBC elevated with viral infection?

If you have an elevated white blood cell count (anything above 11,000), it’s a good bet you have an infection. The next step is to determine what type of infection you have: bacterial or viral (no guessing allowed).

What lab values indicate pregnancy?

DefinitionTestNonpregnant RangePregnancy EffectFibrinogen200–400 mg/dL1.5-3x increaseGlucose, fasting65–105 mg/dL10% decreasePotassium (plasma)3.5–4.5 mEq/L0.2–0.3 mEq/L decreaseProtein (total)6.5–8.5 g/dL1 g/dL decrease25 more rows

Does a CBC show thyroid problems?

Complete blood count (CBC) measures the number and quality of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. A CBC is done to check your general health. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroid antibodies are measured to check how well the thyroid is working.

What lab values indicate infection?

Blood tests: When testing the blood, measurements are taken to confirm an infection: a CBC (complete blood count), which will show if there is an increased white blood cell count; an ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate); and/or CRP (C-reactive protein) in the bloodstream, which detects and measures inflammation in the …

Do lymphocytes increase with viral infection?

Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that play several roles in the immune system, including protection against bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. All three types can be increased in response to infections or cancer. However, in some cases only a specific type of lymphocyte is increased.

What does a CBC look like with leukemia?

CBC is the most useful initial laboratory test in patients suspected of having leukemia. Most patients will show some abnormality in the CBC and some blasts will be seen in the peripheral smear in patients with acute leukemias. To diagnose CLL, a lymphocytosis of greater than 5000/mm3 must be present.

What is measured on a CBC?

A complete blood count (CBC) test measures the following: The number of red blood cells (RBC count) The number of white blood cells (WBC count) The total amount of hemoglobin in the blood. The fraction of the blood composed of red blood cells (hematocrit)

Can CBC detect pregnancy?

The CBC test is indeed necessary, as it helps to diagnose illnesses or infections in the expecting mother. As the test calculates the count of the three types of blood cells, too, a general idea about the expecting mom’s health can also be obtained.

What is CBC blood test in pregnancy?

Complete blood count (may be repeated) The complete blood count (CBC) is a test that evaluates the cells that circulate in blood. Blood consists of three types of cells suspended in fluid called plasma: red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets (PLTs).

Does normal blood test detect pregnancy?

It can find smaller amounts of HCG, and can confirm or rule out a pregnancy earlier than a urine test. A blood test can detect pregnancy even before you’ve missed a period. Pregnancy blood tests are about 99 percent accurate. A blood test is often used to confirm the results of a home pregnancy test.

How do you do a CBC lab test?

During a CBC, a lab technician will draw blood from a vein, typically from the inside of your elbow or from the back of your hand. The test will take only a few minutes.

Is a1c part of CBC?

A CBC also helps diagnose conditions such as anemia, infection, and many other disorders. The A1c (Glycohemoglobin) test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last two to three months. This is done by measuring the concentration of glycated (also often called glycosylated) hemoglobin A1c.