Quick Answer: How Serious Is Mitral Regurgitation?

When should you have mitral valve surgery?

The most common indication for mitral valve surgery is symptomatic chronic severe primary mitral regurgitation, usually owing to degenerative valve disease, with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of >30% (Class I recommendation); mitral valve surgery is indicated in symptomatic patients with severe LV ….

What are the stages of mitral valve regurgitation?

How is chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) staged?Stage A: At risk of MR.Stage B: Asymptomatic with progressive MR.Stage C: Asymptomatic with severe MR; stage C1 (left [LV] or right ventricle [RV] remains compensated) or stage C2 (decompensation of LV or RV)Stage D: Symptomatic with severe MR.

Does mitral valve regurgitation cause chest pain?

Acute mitral valve regurgitation Symptoms include severe shortness of breath, fast heart rate, lightheadedness, weakness, confusion, and chest pain.

How do you treat mild mitral regurgitation?

For mild leakage, treatment is usually not necessary. You may need heart surgery to repair or replace the valve for severe leakage or regurgitation. Left untreated, severe mitral valve regurgitation can cause heart failure or heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias).

Does mitral valve regurgitation cause coughing?

Mitral Valve Regurgitation Symptoms and Diagnosis When symptoms do occur, they can include: Shortness of breath, often worse with activity. Fatigue, or feeling tired. Coughing — can often be a dry cough.

What are the symptoms of severe mitral valve regurgitation?

Mitral valve regurgitation symptomsfatigue.shortness of breath.swollen feet or ankles.rapid, fluttering of heartbeat (heart palpitations)cough, especially when lying down.heart murmur.

Can mitral regurgitation go away?

Mitral regurgitation may begin suddenly. This often occurs after a heart attack. When the regurgitation does not go away, it becomes long-term (chronic).

How long can you live with severe mitral regurgitation?

The worrisome natural history of severe mitral regurgitation Widely disparate estimates of long term survival in patients with mitral regurgitation—between 97–27% at five years—have been reported.

How do they fix mitral valve regurgitation?

Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat symptoms, although medication can’t treat mitral valve regurgitation. Medications may include: Diuretics. These medications can relieve fluid accumulation in your lungs or legs, which can accompany mitral valve regurgitation.

Is exercise good for mitral valve regurgitation?

If you have mild to moderate mitral valve regurgitation (MR) and do not have symptoms, you likely do not have to limit your physical activity. If you do have symptoms or if you have irregular heart rhythms or changes in your heart size or function, you may need to be cautious about physical activity.

Is mitral valve repair major surgery?

Mitral valve surgery is surgery to either repair or replace the mitral valve in your heart. Blood flows from the lungs and enters a pumping chamber of the heart called the left atrium.

Is mitral valve regurgitation hereditary?

When severe, mitral regurgitation can lead to heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms. Most people are unaware of the prolapsing of the mitral valve. However, others may experience a number of symptoms. The mitral valve prolapse (MVP) syndrome has a strong hereditary tendency, although the exact cause is unknown.

How do you feel after mitral valve repair?

You will feel tired and sore for the first few weeks after surgery. You may have some brief, sharp pains on either side of your chest. Your chest, shoulders, and upper back may ache. The incision in your chest may be sore or swollen.

How common is mitral regurgitation?

How common is Mitral Regurgitation? Mitral regurgitation becomes more common with age. This is because of age-related wear and tear of the valve. In the population as a whole around 2% of people have at least moderate mitral regurgitation.

What is the life expectancy after mitral valve repair?

One- and five-year survival rates after mitral valve replacement were reported as 67–56% and 45–29% versus 71–69% and 59–23% after mitral valve repair [6,8]. Additionally, more and more octogenarians need various combined procedures, which may also be associated with worse survival and higher complications rates [2].