Quick Answer: What Are The Causes Of Non Communicable Diseases?

What are the causes of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by viruses or bacteria that people spread to one another through contact with contaminated surfaces, bodily fluids, blood products, insect bites, or through the air.

There are many examples of communicable diseases..

What are the characteristics of non communicable disease?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What is the definition of non communicable disease?

Noncommunicable Disease (NCD): Definition. • Chronic conditions that do not result from an (acute) infectious process and hence are “not communicable.”

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

Hypertension: The most important non communicable disease risk factor in India.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…

What are the agencies responsible for non communicable disease prevention and control?

Other bodies. Other bodies with responsibilities within the prevention and control of communicable diseases include: health care providers, physicians, child health services, environmental health committees, county administrative boards, the Swedish Board of Agriculture, the National Food Agency, and many more.

What are the 3 factors that cause disease?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What is the most common non communicable disease?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What are the causes of noncommunicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are some examples of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

What are the effects of non communicable diseases?

NCD short- and long-term disability can lead to a decrease in working-age population participation in the labor force and reduce productivity and, in turn, reduce per capita gross domestic product growth.

How can you prevent non communicable diseases?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are the signs and symptoms of non communicable diseases?

A chronic disease caused by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of joints.Most serious of the most common forms.Joints become deformed and often no longer function normally.Joints affected: hands, feet, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees, hips, and ankles.It is usually symmetrical in the body: both hands will hurt.More items…

What 3 ways are communicable disease spread?

A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect.