What Is The Most Common Heart Defect?

How do you know if your baby has a heart defect?

Serious congenital heart defects usually become evident soon after birth or during the first few months of life.

Signs and symptoms could include: Pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis) Rapid breathing..

Can you live a normal life with congenital heart disease?

As medical care and treatment have improved, babies and children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are living longer and healthier lives. Most are now living into adulthood. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a CHD live as healthy as possible.

Are heart defects common?

A congenital heart defect is a problem with your heart that you’re born with. They’re the most common kind of birth defect. There are many different types of congenital heart defects. Most affect the walls, valves, or blood vessels of your heart.

What is the life expectancy for a child with congenital heart defect?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

How long can you live with a heart defect?

Patients with CHD expected to live to age 75 ± 11 years, only 4 years less than their healthy peers. Over 85% of patients expected to live longer than our estimates of their life expectancy. Poorer health status and higher perceived risk of CHD complications related to shorter perceived life expectancy.

What are the types of congenital heart defects?

Types of congenital heart defects include:aortic stenosis.atrial septal defect (ASD)coarctation of the aorta (COA)Ebstein anomaly.patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)patent foramen ovale (PFO)tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)truncus arteriosus.More items…

Can your heart be in the wrong place?

Dextrocardia can also occur in a condition called situs inversus. With it, many or all of your visceral organs are on the mirror-image side of your body. For example, in addition to your heart, your liver, spleen, or other organs may also be located on the opposite, or “wrong” side of your body.

How common are congenital heart defects?

What are congenital heart defects? Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1% (about 40,000) of births per year. CHDs are present at birth and they affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works.

Why are babies born with heart defects?

It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during growth in the womb. In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it. Some types of congenital heart defects can be linked to an abnormality in the number of a baby’s chromosomes.

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.

What are the symptoms if you have a hole in your heart?

Atrial septal defect signs and symptoms can include:Shortness of breath, especially when exercising.Fatigue.Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen.Heart palpitations or skipped beats.Stroke.Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope.

What causes heart defects?

Some babies have heart defects because of changes in their individual genes or chromosomes. CHDs also are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other factors, such as things in the environment, the mother’s diet, the mother’s health conditions, or the mother’s medication use during pregnancy.

Can a baby survive heart defects?

For infants with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs), survival up to one year of life has improved over time. However, the chance of these infants dying is still high.

How common are heart defects in babies?

Nearly 1 in 100 babies (about 1 percent or 40,000 babies) is born with a heart defect in the United States each year. About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect (about 25 percent) has a critical CHD. Some heart defects don’t need treatment or can be treated easily.

Is a heart defect the same as heart disease?

The terms “congenital heart defect” and “congenital heart disease” are often used to mean the same thing, but “defect” is more accurate. This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease.

Can heart defects be fixed?

Although many children who have congenital heart defects don’t need treatment, some do. Doctors repair heart defects with catheter procedures or surgery. The treatment your child receives depends on the type and severity of his or her heart defect. Other factors include your child’s age, size, and general health.

What kind of heart defects are there?

Congenital heart disease refers to a range of possible heart defects.Aortic valve stenosis. Aortic valve stenosis is a serious type of congenital heart defect. … Coarctation of the aorta. … Ebstein’s anomaly. … Patent ductus arteriosus. … Pulmonary valve stenosis. … Septal defects. … Single ventricle defects. … Tetralogy of Fallot.More items…

What are some possible causes of congenital heart defects?

Often, there’s no known cause for congenital heart disease. Known causes include: exposure of the fetus to maternal illnesses such as diabetes, German measles (rubella), fever illnesses and a problem metabolising an amino acid during pregnancy (phenylketonuria) smoking, alcohol or recreational drug use during pregnancy.